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Complete Guide to Managing Robots.txt in WordPress: Maximise Your SEO Visibility

April 9, 2024
configurar robots.txt para wordpress

Hello, my name is Javier Chiva and I am a web developer specialised in WordPress. Today I would like to write about the proper handling of the robots.txt file, as it plays a fundamental role in how search engines index and present our website to potential visitors.

This small but powerful file, located at the root of our site, guides search engine crawlers as to which pages may or may not be processed.

Throughout this comprehensive guide, we will explore step-by-step how to locate, edit and optimise the robots.txt file on your WordPress site.

From activating and configuring your robots.txt file to adding a sitemap through plugins like Yoast SEO, we'll cover everything you need to know to maximise your online visibility.

If you've been wondering where the robots.txt file is in your WordPress website or how you can edit and improve your settings for better SEO performance, you've come to the right place.

 configurar robots.txt para wordpress

    Where is and how to edit the Robots.txt file in WordPress?

    In WordPress, the robots.txt file may not be immediately visible, as in many cases, WordPress generates this file dynamically.

    However, it is possible to access and edit the robots.txt file to ensure that it is optimised for search engines, guide their behaviour on your site, and eventually improve the visibility of your page.

    Location of the robots.txt file

    The robots.txt file is located in the root of your website's domain (e.g,

    For sites built with WordPress, this file can be generated dynamically by WordPress or by SEO plugins such as Yoast SEO, which also allow you to easily add sitemaps to your robots.txt file.

    How to edit the Robots.txt file in WordPress

    Editing the robots.txt file in WordPress is a process that can vary depending on whether the file physically exists on your server or whether it is dynamically generated.

    Here I will show you how you can locate and edit this file, either directly through server access or by using SEO plugins such as Yoast SEO, which offer a simple interface to make modifications without the need to edit the file manually.

    • Method 1: Direct access to the server - Use an FTP client or your cPanel's file manager to access the root of your website. If a robots.txt file exists, you can edit it directly from here.
    • Method 2: SEO Plugins - Plugins like Yoast SEO for WordPress allow you to manage your robots.txt file directly from the WordPress admin panel. This is especially useful for adding sitemaps and making adjustments without having to edit the file by hand.
    donde esta robots txt en wordpress

    Optimal configuration of the Robots.txt file for WordPress

    Once you have located and know how to edit your robots.txt file, the next step is to make sure it is optimally configured.

    The goal is to allow search engines to index your relevant content, while restricting access to areas that do not add value to the search indexes.

    What to include in your Robots.txt file

    • Enable indexing of relevant content: Make sure that your robots.txt file is not blocking access to important pages or sections of your website that you want to be indexed.
    • Blocking non-essential areasIt is common to block areas such as the plugin directory, themes, or administration pages, as they do not need to be indexed.
    • Add sitemapIncluding your sitemap address in the robots.txt file makes it easier for search engines to find and crawl all your pages. This is especially important if you use plugins like Yoast SEO, which can generate and update your sitemap automatically.

    Example of an optimised Robots.txt file

    User-agent: *
    Disallow: /wp-admin/
    Disallow: /wp-includes/
    Allow: /wp-content/uploads/

    This is a basic example. The specific configuration may vary depending on the structure of your site and your SEO needs.

    agregar sitemap a robots.txt

    Best practices for handling the Robots.txt file

    Proper handling of the robots.txt file is crucial to avoid common mistakes that could negatively affect your search engine visibility. Here are some best practices:

    • Don't block important contentMake sure you are not accidentally blocking access to files or pages that are important for your search engine ranking.
    • Regularly check your robots.txt fileAs your site grows and changes, you may need to adjust the directives in your robots.txt file. A periodic review will help keep your site optimised for search engines.
    • Use Google Search Console toolsGoogle Search Console offers tools that allow you to see how Google views your robots.txt file and if there are any issues you need to resolve.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    How can I check if my robots.txt file is blocking important content? Plus Icon

    How often should I update my robots.txt file? Plus Icon

    How do I add a sitemap to my robots.txt file in WordPress? Plus Icon